International Program of Urban Cooperation - IUC

O International Program on Urban Cooperation (IUC) aims to enable cities / regions in different parts of the globe to connect and share solutions to problems in common. It is part of a long-term European Union strategy to promote sustainable urban development in cooperation with both the public and private sectors as well as with community groups and citizens.

Through engagement with IUC, cities / regions will have the opportunity to share and exchange knowledge with their international counterparts, building a greener and more prosperous future.

The IUC is an opportunity for cities / regions to learn from each other, to set ambitious goals, to form lasting partnerships, to test new solutions and to promote their international profile.

Funded by the European Union, the activities of the International Program on Urban Cooperation (IUC) support the achievement of political objectives both at local level and related to important international agreements on urban development and climate change, such as the Urban Agenda, the Sustainable Development Objectives and the Paris Agreement.

The IUC program collaborates with important partners and international financial institutions to connect city decision makers with potential funders. Business from European Union countries will be an important partner for the activities of the sustainable urban development and innovation cooperation components for local and regional development. Target countries include China, India, Japan, Canada, Mexico, the United States, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, and Peru.

The partnership between the regions of Paraná and Valencia began in February.2018, after a specific call service announced by EURADA - European Association of Development Agencies.

The regions of Valencia and Paraná

The regions of Valencia and Parana, especially with regard to State ICT Governance, share the same strategic areas as a key focus, with a very similar strategic approach: the involvement of multiple stakeholders in the definition and implementation of processes.

According to the region of Valencia, for Paraná to develop its capabilities and make the region an innovation platform, it must establish and start from a defined strategy capable of highlighting the key priorities and structuring already existing value chains as well as the new ones.

This implies developing a clear vision and strategy to enable ICTs as a means of convergence of the strategic areas identified in the region, as well as in the definition of relevant nodes in the value chains that deserve special attention and also to allow the creation of networks in the region. region, at national and international level, so that new knowledge can be generated and internalized. The Region of Valencia can share with Parana their experience in this same process.

The Region of Valencia has been developed with the support of the Regional Operational Program 2013-2020 of the European Regional Development Fund, observing the following objectives:

1) Strengthening of research, technological development and innovation.

2) Improve the access, use and quality of information and communication technologies.

3) Improving the competitiveness of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).

Involving the following priorities:

- Support the creation and growth of advanced skills for the development of support services for the production,

- Support the growth potential of SMEs in the market and their ability to participate in innovation processes.

This is specifically related to the priorities of "innovative products" and "housing, and habitat and, Strategy for Intelligent Specialization of Regional Innovation in which Valencia is specifically aligned with the following general objectives:

- Develop consumer products that incorporate value through differentiated design and services that respond to customer needs

- Promote innovative and collaborative processes in design, production, organization, logistics and distribution, as well as marketing throughout the value chain of products.

Expectations of Valencia in the Cooperation with Paraná, in terms of new business opportunities and knowledge exchange

Valencia considers of enormous importance to update the regional productive model to reindustrialize traditional clusters through innovative processes deeply involved in their daily activities and increasingly open to customers and suppliers also by Servitização.

There is a basic need for the implementation, through the regional innovation agency of Valencia, IVACE, of policies and initiatives aimed at achieving industrial competitiveness that should allow local production capable of meeting the needs of its customers.

This strategy must be integrated into the overall regional industrial policy and needs specific implementation programs and projects. With this approach, there is a need for cooperation between policy-makers and developers, industry and service sectors and business managers, and research and technology centers to ensure a new approach aligned with service provision.

In this process, cooperation with Paraná will provide benefits to both sides, sharing knowledge and experience and providing SMEs with an immediate partnership in the region.

Ahead of the Valencia Region is the IVACE (Valencian Institute for Business Competitiveness), 35 years ago, the public authority integrated into the regional government responsible for putting into practice the policies that promote innovation that emerge from the regional government and in line with the European criteria.

For this role, IVACE manages an annual budget of approximately 80 million, with more than 200 workers responsible for all programs aimed at SMEs, implementing the regional industrial policy.

About the Region of Valencia

Valencia is an autonomous region of Spain established in 1982, with its Capital of the same name, is also constitutionally defined as a region of historical nationality of that country from 2006, located in the Center-East region of Spain. They hold 4,6% of the territorial area of ​​Spain.

Population: almost 5 million people (almost half of the population of Paraná)

GDP per capita: more than 21.000 Euros (slightly more than double that in Paraná).

The GDP of the Valencia Region represents 9,5% of that of Spain, while that of Paraná represents 6% of that of Brazil. In absolute terms the GDP of both regions is practically equivalent.

The services represent almost 73% of the economic activity of the Spanish region, followed by Industry, with a little more than 18% and construction, a little more than 6%, while agricultural activities represent a little more than 2% in homogeneous distribution to the economic profile of Spain.

The region has an important industrial presence - an economic fabric composed mainly of small and medium-sized companies - and is one of the main tourist destinations in Spain.

The strategic sectors of the Region of Valencia / Comunidad Valenciana are:

  1. Ceramics and tiles;
  2. Footwear and leather goods industry;
  3. Games and toys;
  4. Wood and furniture;
  5. Textile and clothing industry; and
  6. Automotive industry.

Brazil and Spain are among the largest 15 economies in the world, according to GDP, where Brazil occupied 9a position (with almost US $ 1,8 trillion) and Spain, in 14a (with little more than $ 1,2 trillion), according to estimates from the World Economic Forum - IMF database, Apr / 2017.

At the same time Brazil was the 6o largest country in population, with more than 200 million inhabitants and Spain had 29a largest population among countries, with slightly more than 46 million inhabitants.

The proposal of Paraná

Develop ICT in synergy with the main sectors or economic segments of Paraná with greater density, observing the installed capacity of knowledge, skills and institutional and technological assets, mainly considering, among others:

- Agribusiness,

- Energy,

- Industry and

- Cheers.